A Debt Consolidation Loan can be an effective way to pay off high interest credit card debt and provide debt relief through lower interest rates. For the millions of Americans who struggle with high debt levels, this can offer a solution where the creditor gets paid in full and you are able to reduce the monthly expenses. Some debt consolidation loans require a form of security which means you must have equity in your home and transfer the debt to a home equity loan. This can result in a longer payoff period. It also results in moving unsecured debt to a secured debt which has its own set of risks.